High Plains AVA
The Texas High Plains is the second largest AVA in Texas, it spans roughly 8 million acres in west Texas, mostly south of the panhandle region. This AVA lies within the High Plains sub region of the Great Plains. The eastern border of the Texas High Plains AVA follows the 3,000 ft elevation contour line along the Caprock Escarpment, the steep transitional zone separating the High Plains from the lower plains to the east. Vineyards in this AVA's supply account for 85% of the fruit grown in the state and they provide a steady supply of fruit to wineries accross the state.
The region is known for long, hot, dry summer days and cool evenings. This helps balance the grapes' acid levels. The weather patterns also allow the fruit to mature for a longer period of time over the growing season resulting in better juices for wine making. The region is also incredibly windy and semi-arid helping to quell any grape-growing problems due to humidity. Currently, this region has over 4,500 planted acres. There are over 75 wine grape varieties planted.
- Location: From Amarillo, west to the New Mexico border extending just south of Lubbock
- Planted: 1974
- Varietals: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Chenin Blanc, Grenache, Merlot, Malbec, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling, Orange Muscat, Dolcetto, Montepulciano, Primitivo, Sangiovese, Tempranillo and Viognier
- Average Elevation: 3,155 feet
- Annual Precipitation: 18.25 inches